Argumentative essay outline

The main task of the plan is to structure the future essay, which must be viewed in advance in the points of the plan and thereby prepare the reader for the correct perception of the text. It is not difficult for the author to imagine what he will write about and how. But strategy and sequence of actions will not interfere in any way. Therefore, when starting work on an essay plan, try to build it using the following algorithm:

First of all, clearly define and formulate the theme of the essay. If we are talking about the examination paper, then the examiner will formulate the topic for you. In other cases, it may be necessary to invent it yourself.

Title the outline of the essay. In most cases, the titles of the work and its plan are the same. Do not forget to indicate the word “Plan” after the heading in the middle of a new line.

Number the points of the plan according to its structure. Focus mainly on the three essential parts: introduction, central part, and conclusions. Depending on the volume and complexity of the composition, each of these parts can be divided into sub-items. But it is not necessary to split the introduction and conclusions, but the central part is really desirable to deploy and select at least two or three more specific subordinate parts in it.

After you yourself answer the question, what goals does the essay pursue, its plan will crystallize almost by itself. For example, it may be an analysis of the main thought of work, a comparison of two opposing theses, and a proof of the idea of​a literary work, a discussion of philosophical problems, or merely a statement of certain events. One way or another, you should understand the direction of the subject of the essay.

The best of all, when drawing up a plan is to use theses as headings of paragraphs and sub-paragraphs. And since theses are concise formulations of ideas, in this way you will kill two birds with one stone. On the one hand, get an excellent benchmark for separating the main content into structural parts. On the other hand, you probably will not be lost in thought, do not break the plot, and do not distort the content of the work.

Double spaced essay

At university, writing an essay is set by teachers quite often, and in the first year, students confuse the rules of writing this work. The approach to writing an essay should be serious because the teacher largely determines his attitude to the student, based on the performance of independently written tasks.

In order to write an essay according to all the recommendations, it is necessary to begin to understand the essence of this task. The term for work is of French origin. An essay is translated as a sketch or sample. From this, it can be understood that the implementation of the article means your own view of the problem, conducting an assessment, and bringing conclusions.

The difference between essays and abstracts

Students often confuse the requirements for these two university assignments. In essence, these works are very similar, since they are descriptive in nature. Moreover, they do not require research, confirming that the material has been studied. However, the abstract refers mostly to analytical work, in which it is necessary to systematize the received and processed information.

Required components of the essay

Among those parts of which this work must necessarily consist, the following can be singled out:

  • Introduction
  • The main element, which is not divided into chapters.
  • Conclusion
  • List of used literature.
  • Additionally, the essay may contain a cover page and a plan of content, as well as additions, if necessary.
  • Moreover, it should be double spaced.

Characteristics of the essay as a type of scientific work

If you have questions about how to write an essay, you need to refer to the characteristics that apply to this type of scientific work. Among them:

The work is devoted not to some topic as a whole, but to a specific issue, from which one should not move away in the process of writing.

The content of the essay reveals the position of the author and his personal assessment of the studied issue.

There should be few common phrases and references to the topic; the main part of the work is usually composed of own judgments, evaluation, criticism, conclusions and other elements of the expression of the author’s opinion.

How to write an essay outline

The plan is the basis of any business or event. The outline of an essay is imperative when it comes to writing literate text. In other words, a plan is a tool that makes it easier to write any written work. That is why it is essential to learn how to make an essay plan already in elementary school.

This work may seem difficult for some students because it is connected with the ability to see and highlight the main idea of ​​a paragraph. And this indicates a weak development of speech. In fact, this is the usual essential skill acquired in the school program, the ability to structure the text. If at the elementary university stage you pay enough attention to drawing up a plan and carry out a few examples with students, then after a while the student will do it on his own and make you happy with success.

The structure of the essay outline at universities is as follows:

1.. Introduction

2. Main part 1

Main part 2

Main part 3

3.. Conclusion

The outline of the essay must be written before the text of the essay. The heading of each paragraph should reflect the main idea from the text of each part.

Before you start making a plan, follow the algorithm

Formulate the theme of the essay. Based on it, you will express your thoughts and reveal the topic.

Define the purpose of the essay. This is the direction of the topic or what the “writer” and “reader” should ultimately lead to.

Use abstracts as headlines. These are concise formulations of ideas that can be developed into whole paragraphs.

Use paragraph conventions. Roman numerals denote the main ones, and the sub-clauses are Arabic. However, you should not overload the plan with sub-items.

The essay plan is necessary first of all in order not to start from scratch. Also, follow the guidelines for writing an essay. Therefore, if you try your best and follow our recommendations for writing an essay plan, you will get the highest grade.

Research paper example apa

When justifying the relevance of the research in the Introduction section of the research work, it is necessary to decide why this problem should be studied at present.

The relevance of the study is the degree of its importance at the moment and in this situation for solving a particular problem, task, or issue.

The urgency of the research problem is the relevance of studying and solving this problem in society.

Justification of the relevance of the study is an explanation of the need to study this topic and conduct research in the process of general cognition.

Justifying the relevance of the research topic is an essential requirement for research work.

The relevance of the research topic is due to the following factors:

  • Filling in any gaps in science;
  • Further development of the problem in modern conditions;
  • Own point of view in a question on which there is no consensus;
  • Generalization of accumulated experience;
  • Summation and promotion of knowledge on the central issue;
  • Posing new problems in order to attract public attention.

The relevance of research work may consist of the need to obtain new data, test completely new methods, etc.

Often in a research project, the word “novelty” of the research is used together with the word “relevance.”

Examples justify the relevance of the research topic

Relevance: the topic is relevant due to the high fall in the birth rate in the village. Previously, in our town there was a custom to have many children, the lack of children was considered the greatest misfortune and was considered as punishment.

The object of the study is what students for study and research will take. It may not necessarily be any inanimate object or living thing. The object of study may be a process or a phenomenon of reality.

Usually, the name of the object of study is contained in answer to the question: what is being considered?

The subject of study is a particular problem, individual aspects of the object, its properties, and features that, without going beyond the framework of the purpose under investigation, will be investigated in work.

Synthesis essay

The topic of a synthesis essay is usually formulated from a statement of a famous author. You need to explain how you understand the meaning of the statement, express your attitude to it, identify different aspects of meaning and contradiction in the statement, argue your position using the theoretical principles of the social science course and examples from personal experience and public life.

1. Determine the meaning of the statement by answering the question: what did the author want to say?

2. Identify the main aspects of the problem by answering the questions: What can be opposed to the position of the author in a historical, cultural, moral, and ethical sense? Are other positions, approaches to the problem, interpretations of concepts and images, exceptions to the general rule possible? Select the aspect of the problem that you will consider in detail.

3. Formulate your attitude to the statement by answering the questions: Do I agree with the author? Why? What is my own position on this issue? How relevant is the statement?

4. Define synthesis terms, generalizations, patterns that you need to express and justify a position on a general level. Answer the questions: What concepts and terms you are familiar with from the course should be used? What theoretical generalizations should I consider?

5. Select facts, examples from history, modern public life, and personal social experience confirming your position by answering the question: What specific facts can you confirm your opinion?

6. Make a draft of your essay. Write the text of the essay, and then re-read it.

The technology of writing a synthesis essay

An essay is a prose work of a small volume and a free composition, expressing personal impressions and considerations on a specific subject or issue. Moreover, it is s certainly not claiming to be an accurate or exhaustive interpretation of the subject. As a rule, an essay implies a new, subjectively colored word about something.

Requirements for the essay:

  • The essay should be perceived as a whole, and the idea should be clear and understandable;
  • The essay should not contain superfluous and should include only the information that is necessary for the disclosure of positions.